Usually, infants suffer digestive, respiratory and skin problems. Parents are always concerned when a rash or an itching appears on the skin of their baby but they follow almost the same treatment; moisturizing the skin of the infant. What they miss is that irritated skin can mean so much more. It is also very important to diagnose whether the symptom is a skin disease or not. Following is the list of most common infant skin problems and their possible cures to help parents to ensure good health of their babies.
Intertrigo mainly appears in babies younger than 6 months. It appears as a rash between the folds of the skin like on the neck. It is basically a raw-looking wet rash that is worse inside the creases of the baby’s skin. If your baby is chubby than there is more chance of him having Intertrigo. If your baby has intertrigo you need to put some zinc oxide barrier cream on the folds of his skin. You can also use petroleum jelly as a skin problem cure. Eventually, as kids grow up, intertrigo goes away.
This common infant skin problem is basically a rash that appears on the neck, forehead, behind ears, cheeks, eyebrows, and chest. Its appearance depends on the part of the body where it is. For example, on the eyebrows and the scalp, it is dandruff-like. But behind ears, it makes the skin cracked and scaly. On the neck and the chest, it appears as pimples. And on the cheeks, it causes reddish and bumpy skin. The cure is to rub olive oil on the body to get rid of scales. Washing behind the ears and the scalp with an anti-dandruff is known to work.
Prickly heat is bound to be on the list of most common infant skin problems as literally every kid at some point suffers from it. It appears as small red bumps, upon the face, the neck, the bottom or the back of the body. It is caused mainly due to any situation involving heat; like tight clothes, too many sweaters, a hot day etc. The solution to prickly heat is to get your child out of the heated environment, put on some loose clothes and some prickly heat powder.
Eczema usually happens when the baby reaches between 5-6 months. It is a rash. Although it is not specific to the diaper area, some 20% of kids have eczema in that area. The mildest eczema causes the skin to be full of dry patches while a severe case appears as red skin that oozes puss and builds crusts over the skin. Washing with a non-fragrant soap is a great cure for infant skin problems like this. If the case is severe you can ask the doctor for steroid ointment to lessen the inflammation.
On the list of most common infant skin problems, fifth’s disease is the most confusing mainly because it began with flu-like symptoms. The face gets red and the body rashes start appearing. It is extremely contagious, your child might have caught it when someone infected coughed or sneezed on him. The solution is to give some pain relievers. Make a note of never giving the infant aspirin.
It is actually caused by a fungus which eats dead skin, hair and nail tissues. It starts off as a red, bumpy and scaly patch. Slowly it develops into a red ring. It spreads by the skin on skin contact with infected people or an animal. It can also spread if you use a towel or clothes of an infected person. The ultimate solution to infant skin problems is to an anti-fungal cream after consulting the dermatologist.
Contact dermatitis is basically like an allergy to the skin. It can act up in reaction to anything that came in contact with the skin. Some common triggers are soaps, detergents, grass, and certain plants. It appears as bumps that are red and itchy on the area of contact. If the whole body is affected then maybe the soap is causing it. But if the arms and the chest are affected then it is a new shirt. Cure it by moisturizing the rash, removing the trigger but if it gets too severe then consult your doctor.
Chickenpox is an extremely contagious condition. It appears as red spots all over the body. The spots change as they go through different stages. They become blisters, burst open, become dry and finally crust off. The spots get itchy and hurt a lot. It is probably the only problem on the list of most common infant skin problems which should, under no conditions be treated without a doctor. The course of prescribed medicines should be completed and human contact should be avoided.
Impetigo is caused by bacteria and is in the form of red blisters. The blisters may open, or ooze out some liquid. Sometimes they become a crust of yellowish brown color. Your child may have gotten infected by it due to sharing towels, clothes or toys with someone who has impetigo. Antibiotics work fine as a solution of infant skin condition. You can use an antibiotic ointment for the kid as tablets are out of question.
Coxsackie is also known as hand-foot-mouth disease. Its initial stages are a fever followed by sores in the mouth and a rash. The rash is mainly non-itchy so it won’t bother the baby but the mouth sores are pretty painful. The rash spreads to the hands, the legs and the bottom. Coxsackie is contagious and spreads via coughing, sneezing and sometimes used diapers. Just remember to wash the kid’s hands regularly. Coxsackie goes away on its own in about a week if you are hygienic.
The skin problems in infants are quite confusing as most of the rashes look the same. However, always observe the developments on the skin of your child. See of the blisters are hardening, flaking, oozing etc. The above text listing the most common infant skin problems can help you distinguish the symptoms and find out the best remedy for your baby.